Glossary of Cannabinoid Terms



Cannabis, and all its cannabinoid components, is a controlled substance classified as a Schedule I agent in the US; this classification denotes a drug with a high potential for abuse and no currently accepted medical use.


The two varieties of cannabis –

Sativa - Stimulating / day-time medication, more stimulating to the brain: Medical Uses: Depression, ADHD, Increases Mental & Physical activity. Caution: May cause Anxiety.

Indica - Calming / night-time medication, more body effects, more relaxing to the brain; Medical Uses: Pain, Muscles Spasms, Anxiety, Insomnia.

Hybrids— Combination of Sativa and Indica. Indica Dominant—night-time use. Sativa Dominant—day time use.



Term used to refer to molecules that are found in the cannabis plant and/or that interact with cannabinoid receptors. They can be classified as phytocannabinoids, endocannabinoids, or synthetic cannabinoids.



Chemicals produced by the body that target cannabinoid receptors


Synthetic Cannabinoids

Cannabinoids produced in the laboratory to structurally or functionally mimic the endocannabinoids or phytocannabinoids.



Over 100 naturally occurring chemicals found in the cannabis plant with a chemical structure related to endocannabinoids. The most well-characterized, so far, are described below:


  • CBD: Cannabidiol, one of the major cannabinoids derived from cannabis or synthesized. CBD is under evaluation for its anticonvulsant properties, among other therapeutic uses. CBD has very low affinity at the cannabinoid receptors, type 1 (CB1) and type 2 (CB2), and is not believed to be psychoactive.
  • THC: Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol, a major phytocannabinoid derived from cannabis, is thought to be the pharmacologically most active cannabinoid of the cannabis plant, largely responsible for its psychoactive properties due to its agonist activity at CB1 receptors (behavioral, cognitive, and psychotropic effects).  High concentrations can cause anxiety, paranoia, nausea, headaches and increased heart rate in some people.



The primary aromatic principles found in cannabis, providing the scent and flavor of the cannabis plant.


Over 450 chemical constituents classified as Cannabinoids & Terpenes


Entourage Effect

This term originates in endocannabinoid science, but is commonly used to suggest that formulations that utilize the whole plant result in enhanced therapeutic effects vs a single cannabinoid.


Routes of Administration

  • Inhalation – onset within 1-5 minutes, lasts 1-4 hours
    • Smoking – not recommended
    • Vaporizer – dry flower (not the oil), no combustion byproducts, healthier
  • Ingestion – onset 60-90 minutes, lasts 6-8 hours, more potent and a stronger sedative, increased chance of over-medicating with an increased risk for negative side effects of THC
  • Sublingual (under the tongue) - onset varies, approx. 15 – 60 mins, lasts 1-6 hours, less chance of   over-medicating, easier to dose.
  • Medical strips – strips dissolve on the tongue, fast onset
  • Topical – External use on skin only – over joints for arthritis or on rashes, No Psychoactive effect



The Term HEMP is used to name the durable soft fiber from the Cannabis plants’ stems & stalk and has industrial applications. Hemp contains mostly CBD with less than 0.3% THC therefore, has no psychoactive effect.


Research Links coming soon

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